Thursday, January 12, 2017

Bantayog: The lying stops now!!!

Bantayog: The lying stops now!!!: The lying stops now!!! For 30 years the yellow's have governed and lead the Filipinos. Since the ousting of President Ferdinand...

Sunday, January 8, 2017

Bantayog: The lying stops now!!!

Bantayog: The lying stops now!!!: The lying stops now!!! For 30 years the yellow's have governed and lead the Filipinos. Since the ousting of President Ferdinand...

The lying stops now!!!

The lying stops now!!!


For 30 years the yellow's have governed and lead the Filipinos. Since the ousting of President Ferdinand Marcos the yellows have been leading the Filipinos into what they call democratic way of life. But is it really democracy? Literally democracy means "rule of the commoners" or rule of majority. Being in a country of democracy doesn't mean that you are free to do anything you want. It doesn't mean that you will be above the law. It doesn't mean that you can buy your way out of jail just because you are rich.
Democracy is freedom but it is not an excuse to plunder the government's money. It is not a form of government where all the high officials have all the luxurious things that commoners doesn't have. Democracy is freedom, freedom from expressing yourself be it in writing or shouting. But it doesn't give you the right to plan coup d'etat and overthrow presidents. 
Democracy is freedom but where is the boundary of freedom? Freedom to speak and express yourself by choosing who will lead the country. But perhaps the real meaning of democracy has been erased by the fact that the yellows will not stop until they regain the leadership of the country. To run the country as if it is theirs. To make the people think that they are doing the right thing even though it is wrong. To manipulate the people's mind and make the Filipino people stupid. 
For 30 years we Filipino's have suffered so much. We have been waiting for a big change to happen in our country, our country whose people have been suffering by the power struggle by the rich and influential people. Maybe it is time to stop. Maybe for once it is better to cooperate and let our leaders do their job. Maybe it is much better if we work and think for ourselves rather than ask the government to help us. Maybe just maybe we can help the country by helping ouselves first.


Saturday, December 10, 2016

Sino ang maraming nagawa?

Sino ang maraming nagawa?



 The U.S.-orchestrated coup which overthrew the government of
Philippines' President Ferdinand Marcos in 1986 was a classic case
study of what John Perkins describes in his recent book, Confessions
of an Economic Hit Man, as the post-World War II preferred method of
imposing colonial control under another name. In the Philippines case,
George Shultz performed the roles of both the economic hit man,
destroying and taking full control of the Philippine economy, and the
coup-master, deposing the Philippine President in favor of an IMF
puppet—while calling the operation "people power." Marcos's True
Legacy Marcos was elected President in 1965, just as the United States
launched the disastrous and futile war in Indochina. The fact that the
United States used its bases in the Philippines, Subic Bay and Clark
Airfield in Luzon, as launching pads for the Indochina War, fed a
domestic insurgency by the Maoist New People's Army (NPA). Marcos was
then treated as a close friend and ally of the United States. Even
when he declared martial law in 1972, with the Indochina War still
raging, the Administration of President Richard Nixon raised no
objections. But Marcos was not only concerned about
"counterinsurgency" in declaring martial law. When he was elected
President in 1965, the Philippines was still essentially a colonial
economy, although the United States had granted full independence on
July 4, 1946, as had been promised by President Franklin Roosevelt in
1934. Productivity was low in both agriculture and industry:
agriculture lagged as the Philippines relied on special access to U.S.
food exports, and industry was confined to process industries, rather
than the development of basic industries. Marcos set out immediately
to establish Philippine food self-sufficiency in rice and corn. This
also required breaking the control of the landed aristocracy left over
from the Spanish imperial era. Marcos was the first President of the
Philippines who did not rise from this elite class, but was a
"commoner" trained as a lawyer. As President, he focussed on basic
agricultural infrastructure, especially irrigation, in the major
food-producing regions of Luzon and Mindanao. Credit facilities,
mechanization, and the introduction of high-yield rice varieties,
which needed irrigation, resulted in the elimination of rice imports
by 1968. Land reform, primarily a political problem, remained
illusive. However, when Marcos imposed martial law in 1972, among his
first acts was a proclamation that the entire nation was to be
considered a "land reform area," and a declaration that all tenants
working land devoted primarily to rice and corn were to be the owners
of that land, up to a specified limit. Despite the enraged opposition
of the oligarchy, the program proved to be extraordinarily successful.
Coupled with the infrastructure and mechanization improvements, a
quarter of a million peasants became land owners, and grain
productivity increased by half. Another major step after the
declaration of martial law was to contract with Westinghouse for the
Bataan Nuclear Power Plant—which was to be the first (and would still
be the only) commercial nuclear power plant in Southeast Asia. While
nuclear power is clearly the only sane solution to the energy
requirements across the region, the sad saga of the Bataan Nuclear
Plant symbolizes the pure evil of the policies enforced by the
"economic hit men." As originally contracted, the plant should have
cost about $1 billion, and produced 1,200 MW of electricity by 1984.
However, after the hysteria generated by the anti-nuclear "Nuclear
Club of Wall Street" (see EIR, Dec. 3, 2004) following the 1979
accident at the Three Mile Island Nuclear Plant in Pennsylvania, the
Carter Admistration imposed retroactive safety regulations which
contributed to more than doubling the cost of construction. Then,
after the overthrow of Marcos in 1986, one of the first acts of the
new Presidency of Corazon Aquino was to mothball the fully completed,
but never used, Bataan Nuclear Plant. The Philippines has been forced
to pay countless billions in debt service, and pays still today over
$155,000 per day, for this nuclear facility, without having drawn one
watt of electricity from the state-of-the-art facility. Two further
nuclear power facilities which were planned to provide 1,880 MW of
electricity by 1991, were also scrapped. Nuclear energy was not the
only innovation of the Marcos regime. In 1979 Marcos announced a plan
for 11 major industrial projects, with the intention of shifting the
focus of the nation's industrial economy from consumer goods to basic
heavy industry. Included in the plan were steel, petro-chemical, pulp
and paper, a copper smelter, aluminum, phosphate fertilizer, diesel
engines, gas and oil, a coconut industry, and the nuclear power
program. The Marcos Administration, during the 1972-81 martial law
period, tripled the country's road network, doubled the
electrification of the country's homes, increased irrigated cropland
eight-fold, and achieved rice and corn self-sufficiency. Minimum daily
wage rates tripled, although inflation, driven by international oil
price hikes and exploding U.S. interest rates, more than wiped out
these wage increases.

Saturday, July 23, 2016

Marcos and the Spratly's


Marcos and the Spratly's




The Philippines began to assert its sovereignty over the Spratly
Islands in May 1956, when Tomas Cloma, owner of a Philippine fishing vessel company, and director of the Philippine Maritime Institute, declared the founding of the new municipality called"Kalayaan"... The Philippines sent troops to the Spratly group of islands for the first time in 1968, occupying Pagasa (Thitu Island), Likas (West York Island), Parola (Northeast Cay), Kota (Loaita Island, Lawak (Nanshan Island), Pugad (Southwest Cay), Patag (Flat Island) and Panata
(Lankiam Cay)... Later Rizal (Commodore Reef) and Balagtas(Irving Reef) was occupied... The Spratlys Goup of Islands are said to be rich in natural resources and soon became the focal point of disputes by nearby countries.

The Philippine government incorporated the Kalayaan group into Palawan Province as a municipality in April 1972, and claimed in 1974 that "Its location rendered it strategically important to Philippine national security"... To further the claim of the Philippines on the island group, then President Ferdinand Marcos, on 11 June 1978, formally annexed the islands through the issuance of Presidential Decrees...

Things became heated in the area when naval forces from the People's Republic of China fought the South Vietnamese navy for control of the nearby Paracels in 1974 and the devious take-over of South Vietnamese of Pugad or Southwest Cay in 1975 months prior to the fall of South Vietnam... Philippine naval and air forces were doing everything it can to fortify RP held islands and reefs and the construction of a runway at Pagasa island...

Meanwhile around the mid 1970s modernization effort for the PAF fighter force was at hand with the planned acquisition of Northrop F-5E/F fighters, but supply of the platforms will take time... But with the developing situation in the Spratlys, the PAF settled with refurbished Crusaders (35 were bought; 25 operational and 10 for spare parts) in 1977-78... The F-8Hs replaced the F-86F Sabrejets and operated alongside F-5A/Bs in PAF Air Defense and fighter operations...

Despite initial problems in transition, the PAF F-8H Crusaderoperating from Antonio Bautista Air Base soon flew continuous air reconnaissance and patrol flights over the disputed islands... The Crusader missions assured air superiority for the Philippine military forces in the Kalayaan Island Group... Capable of maritme strike the F-8H Crusaders in addition to the strong Philippine Navy presence,deterred the Chinese and Vietnamese from ever confronting the Philippines well into the 1980s, despite bloody Chinese and Vietnameseengagements happening in the area during that time

Sunday, July 10, 2016

Reasons to visit the Philippines

Reasons to visit Philippines

1. Philippine Hospitality


The Philippine hospitality is a character of the Filipinos known all around the world. A trait that is known by tourists who has visited the country. Welcoming but respectful always happy and smiling, friendly and fun loving citizens makes the Philippines a wonderful destination to include in your itinerary.

2. Large shopping Malls


If you are into shopping then Philippines is the place for you.Why? of the 10 largest malls in the world 3 of them is in the Philippines. Namely SM North, SM Mega mall and Mall of Asia. Located in Manila these Malls are abundant in the country in which almost all the major cities of the Philippines has one or two of these malls. Well for a typical Filipino malls are places not to shop but for cooling since these malls are fully air conditioned.

3. WEATHER IS PERFECT



The weather in the Philippines is tropical. Two seasons in a year the summer and the rainy season. The best time is after the rainy season usually March because summer is just starting. But there other places that you can visit even if it is raining. 


4. To ride the jeepney "King of the Road"


The Philippine jeepney aka king of the road is a Philippine icon that is everywhere in the country. This vehicle is a world war II assembly from the willy's jeep of the American soldiers. The willy's jeep were modified to have more passengers and were given artistic designs by the Filipinos. The Philippine jeepney is the number 1 means of transportation in the country.

5. The Philippine Foods



Foods offered in the country are more of exotic to the taste of foreigners. Like the "balut" or the Sinigang. A tropical country bounded by ocean the Philippines has different types of food from Chinese dishes like pancit to Spanish like the arroz valenciana. But the native foods are dishes that are easy to prepare like the adobo or the tinola.

6. Nature, Flora and Fauna


Since the country is tropical you will find Philippines home to rich wildlife. Different species of wildlife from amphibian to reptile and birds are abundant in the country. Flowers and orchids are everywhere. Bohol is home to Tarsier one of the smallest monkey in the world. 

7. Beaches, Caves and Islands


The coastline of the country is home to finest beaches in the world. From Luzon to Mindanao beaches are everywhere. From Luzon you will find Pagudpod with white sands and the Spanish colonial avenues of Calle crisologo to Zamboanga del norte in Mindanao where Dakak a world class beach can be found. Truly the country is blessed with natural beaches and islands.

8. Nightlife and festivities


Not only in Manila but almost every big city of the country is bustling with joints of different kinds of clubs. From simple karaoke bar to noisy band dancing clubs the country is filled    with  different joints to enjoy. Ermita or Quezon city to Olongapo and Cebu these places are filled with clubs that will make your night a night to remember.

9. Massage or the Philippine Hilot


      
 Pamper your body with a good massage.

One of the greatest things to do in Philippines is pampering your body with a good massage. Massage places and spas are all over the country,from luxury spas to massage ladies on the beach, you will find them
almost everywhere. I can highly recommend trying a Swedish massage, 
it's a full body massage with oil.  
Or the Philippine Hilot where you can have a relaxing massage for just 250 pesos.  

10. Booze is very Cheap

The best place to go if you are into drinking is the Philippines. Different kinds of alcoholic beverages are available from whiskey to Rhum from wine to beer the country is home to cheap alcoholic beverages. You can have Red horse a strong beer with alcohol contents higher than ordinary beer for only  1 or 2 dollars. 2 dollars for a liter of Emperador lights whisky or a bottle of Ginebra san miguel. In clubs they are sold a little bit higher but still costs less compared to other countries.

11. No Language Barrier


If you are a tourist visiting another country the biggest problem that you may encounter is the language barrier. But here in the Philippines that is not a problem. 80 percent of the population knows how to speak English. It is like a second language for Filipino people, English language is included in the curriculum of schools and colleges. Aside from that Filipinos like      watching hollywood movies so understanding the language is quite easy for the Filipinos.

Friday, July 8, 2016

Human Rights for Drug Lords?

Human Rights for Drug Lords?


President Rodrigo Duterte known for his anti drugs campaign is making waves now barely a week acting as the 16th president of the Philippines. Drug pushers are on the run since last week because of the massive campaign against drug users and drug pushers. Announcing the names of the High ranking police officers who are involved in the drug trade has been in the news for several days now. The police and PDEA has been arresting and even gunning down pushers who resist arrest. The campaign on illegal drugs by the president has been his advocacy since he was still Mayor of Davao making Davao  a clean city, a city with the smallest crime rate under the leadership of then Mayor Duterte. In the campaign period prior to the presidential election Duterte promised to clean the country of drugs in 6 months, this made his critics raised their eyebrows questioning his ability on how to eliminate drug problems in just 6 months.

Death squads doing Summary executions of suspected drug pushers in Davao when He was still the Mayor has been rumored to be the arms of his advocacy. It is in His nature to act more and speak little. A trait that charmed the Filipino nation catapulting Duterte to the highest position of the land. 16 million Filipinos voted President Duterte hoping that change will come. And now that drastic measures are being made to ensure his promise will be fulfilled oppositions that include Senator Leila De Lima is opposing the executions citing Human Rights for the suspected drug lords.

"When it comes to anti-human rights policies I will definitely be an opposition, oppositionist and a fiscalizer," De Lima said in a press conference after being proclaimed as senator-elect.

De Lima, however, stressed that summary executions are illegal, inhumane and unconstitutional.


"Summary execution is murder. Summary execution is criminal," De Lima said

The nation now stands to see what will be the outcome of these events. Divided on the issue the Filipinos are weighing which is the best solution. Drugs is a tough problem, it is not easy to fight a multi million trade that involves high ranking officers.
In some countries drugs is a part of their economy, even in history after the world war where countries rely heavily in exporting drugs to maintain their economy. The fight on drugs is a fight that will need not only the government agencies but the whole nation as well. It is a cancer that slowly eats away the democracy of a country, slowly eating the future of the youth and corrupting their minds. It is a problem that will find its way up to the highest ranking officers of our country. 

SUMMARY EXECUTION OF DRUG LORDS? For me it is not an issue, violating  the rights of the few to save millions of lives is a bargain I am willing to take. But that is my opinion, others will have theirs differently. But then 16 million voted a man to make a change, now he is doing it, might as well support him.

Wednesday, July 6, 2016

The Magic of President Rodrigo Duterte

The Magic of President Rodrigo Duterte

16th President of the Republic of the Philippines Rodrigo Duterte

Reluctant to enter the presidential race at first,President Rodrigo Duterte is now the 16th president of the Republic of the Philippines. .Every Filipino must have been exhausted in believing that the government can solve the problems that the Philippines is facing now. Filipinos are looking for someone who will stand and create a difference and eventually steer the Philippines to economic growth.



The Filipinos are hopeful that one day a man will emerge to lead the people to place the Philippines on top again. To help the Philippines stand on its own once again and prove once more that the Filipinos are worth dying for. Maybe President Duterte will answer those questions or maybe he will be another Joseph Estrada.  The objective is already in place, the backbone of our country the judiciary will most likely intervene with the type of ruling that President Duterte wants. But the real question is the people. The Filipino's have decided that President Duterte will steer the country to economic growth for the next 6 years.


 The fight against drugs is a feat which the present administration will have to excel at. Drug problem in our country is a menace not only to ordinary citizens but to our youth who is the future of our country. Problems on drugs have produced other forms of criminal activities from theft to murder. The victims of these heinous crimes deserved to have justice. Rape and other forms of drug related incidents that leads to criminality has been hounding the pasts administrations. The so called protectors of these trade should be put behind bars, but for President Duterte these people should be executed which human rights advocates do not agree.



Just a week in the office but hundreds of drug dependents and pushers have shown their willingness to stop selling and using drugs. The cops are catching loads of drugs and its dealer almost everyday. If these trend continuous then maybe drug trade in the country will be minimize so is criminality which of course arises with the rise of drug use. 

Many says that this is only a fad or ningas cogon a trait of the Filipinos to start something and leave what their doing in the middle of the work. But then this drive of President Duterte has been his advocacy for the last 22 years, He has been fighting drugs since his tenure as a Mayor started. This made Davao a clean city where he implemented a no drug policy. Many questions his actions and ways in dealing with these criminals, which includes execution of drug pushers in the city of Davao but for those 16 million Filipinos who voted him as president then maybe the Filipinos are looking for someone who will act and not just talk.


But one man alone cannot solve all of these problems. He will need the cooperation not only the government but the whole nation as well. Big and small help will greatly reduce these problems, this time the Filipinos should work as one, the Filipinos should strive harder to achieve one common goal and that is to make our country prosperous again, to make Filipinos proud again to let the whole world know that we can stand together and be a powerful nation again.

President Duterte will be an inspiration to all Filipinos and he has been an inspiration an example to follow by doing a great deal of action and not just sitting and talking. He has shown to every Filipino that if we will do it we can do it.



The true Magic of President Duterte is his accomplishments in the government service. He has no stain when it comes to graft and corruption, and the manly implementation of the law in Davao that made Davao a peaceful city. Maybe the Filipinos are tired of promises; maybe the Filipinos are not satisfied with the performance of the past administrations that they are looking for a big change. In conclusion The true and real Magic of Duterte is the hope he gives to every Filipinos, hope that gave him the presidency, hope that his actions and leadership , will bring about change in the government.

The life of Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino

The life of Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino


Nov. 27,1932 - Aug. 21, 1983


Benigno S. Aquino, Jr. was born on November 27, 1932. His father, Benigno S. Aquino, Sr. was a prominent member of the World War II Japanese collaborationist government of José P. Laurel, as Vice-President. His mother was Doña Aurora Aquino-Aquino who was also his father’s third cousin. His brothers and sisters include: Mila Aquino Albert, Linda Aquino Martinez, Maur Aquino Lichauco, Ditas Aquino Valdez, Lupita Aquino Kashiwahara, Agapito (Butz) Aquino, Paul Aquino, Tessie Aquino Oreta. He married Corazon Cojuanco on October 11, 1954


Education. Aquino was educated in private schools — St. Joseph’s College, Ateneo de Manila, National University, and De La Salle College. He finished high school at San Beda College. Aquino took his tertiary education at the Ateneo de Manila to obtain a Bachelor of Arts degree, but he interrupted his studies. According to one of his biographies, he considered himself to be an average student; his grade was not in the line of 90’s nor did it fall into the 70’s.

Ninoy took up law at the University of the Philippines, where he became a member of the Upsilon Sigma Phi, the same fraternity of Ferdinand Marcos. He interrupted his studies again however to pursue a career in journalism.




According to Máximo V. Soliven, Aquino “later ‘explained’ that he had decided to go to as many schools as possible, so that he could make as many new friends as possible.” In early 1954, he was appointed by President Ramon Magsaysay, his wedding sponsor to his 1953 wedding at the Our Lady of Sorrows church in Pasay with Corazon Cojuangco, to act as personal emissary to Luis Taruc, leader of the Hukbalahap rebel group. After four months of negotiations, he was credited for Taruc’s unconditional surrender.

Political Career. Beningo Aquino was no stranger to Philippine politics. He came from a family that had been involved with some of the country’s political heavyweights. His grandfather served under President Aguinaldo, while his father held office under Presidents Quezon and Laurel.




1954. Special Assistant to President Ramon Magsaysay.  He negotiated the surrender of HUK Supremo Luis Taruc (May 16, 1954).
1955. Elected as youngest mayor of his hometown, Concepcion, Tarlac at the age of 22.
1956. Press Officer, Philippine-American Military Bases Agreement negotiations.
1957. Special Assistant to President Carlos P. Garcia.
1959. Elected as the youngest Vice-Governor of Tarlac Province at 26 years old.  He was elected Secretary General of the League of Provincial Governors and City Mayors.
1961. Became Governor in 1961 after the Governor’s resignation.
1963. Elected Governor of Tarlac Province at age 31.  He won in all 17 towns of the province, posting the highest majority ever garnered by a gubernatorial candidate in the province.
1964. Philippine Delegate, Eastern Regional Organization for Public Administration (EROPA) Conference held in Korea.
1965. Special Assistant to President Diosdado Macapagal.  He accompanied President Macapagal in State visits to Cambodia and Indonesia.  Spokesperson of Philippine Delegation – Afro-Asian conference in Algiers, Africa.
1966. Project Director of Tarlac “Project Spread”.  A joint understanding of the National Economic Council (Philippine Government) and the U.S.A.I.D., which was designed to increase rural income.
1967. Elected as the youngest Senator of the Philippines at 35 years old as the lone opposition (Liberal Party) candidate to survive the election sweep made by President Marcos Nacionalista Party.  He was also elected as Secretary-General of the Liberal Party.
1968. Author of several speeches, and many articles while serving as a public servant.  These are contained in the book “A Garrison State in the Make and other Speeches” by Senator Benigno “Ninoy” S. Aquino, Jr. (BSAF Publication).  Senator Aquilino also authored / co-authored several bills filed in approved congress to benefit the masses.  He also authored several privilege speeches printed in the “Ninoy Aquino – Speech Series,” 1968 – 1970s.
1970. Resource person for the Philippines in the International Institute of Strategic Studies, London.
1971. Member of the Philippine Delegation of the Asian Conference on the Cambodian Question, Jakarta, Indonesia.
1972. Philippine Delegate to the International Conference on Japan and the Evolving world, sponsored by the International Institute for Strategic Studies of London, at Mount Fuji, Japan.  He was also the July 4th guest speaker of Filipino communities in Honolulu, Los Angeles and San Francisco U.S.A.





Early Journalism Years. Journalism remained his particular vocation in spite of his entry into politics and from time to time he wrote “perspective articles” for such publications as “Foreign Affairs Quarterly” and the “Pacific Community.”

1950. Manila Times Newspaper reported at age 17; Manila Times War correspondent  in Korea.
1952. Manila Times Foreign Correspondent in Southeast Asia (assigned to Indo-China, covered the last moment of French colonialism in Asia, at Dien Bien Phu.  He was later posted to Malaya to cover the British counter-insurgency efforts under General Templar.
1952. He agreed (while already a Senator and in the name of Journalism) to conduct a weekly television news analysis, entitled “Insight” for Channel 5, upon the urging of his former publisher of the Manila Times, Mr. Chino Roces.  He kept this up until his arrest in 1972 by the people responsible for the Martial Law regime.




Major Awards. His achievements at such a young age earned him the moniker “Wonder Boy of Philippine politics.” Other awards of Ninoy Aquino are the following:

1950. Philippine Legion of Honor, Officer Degree, awarded by President Elpidio Quirino for “Meritorious Service” to the Philippines for his coverage of the Philippine Expeditionary Force to the Korean War.
1954. Philippine Legion of Honor, Commander degree, awarded by President Ramon Magsaysay for “exemplary meritorious service” to the Filipino people negotiating the coverage of HUK Supremo Luis Taruc.
1957. First Bronze Anahaw Leaf, Philippine Legion of Honor, conferred by President Ramon Magsaysay, for services in the peace and order campaign.
1960. Voted one of the Ten Outstanding Young Men of the Philippines (TOYM) in the field of public service.
1968-1971. Outstanding Senator, voted yearly by the Philippine Free Press, the Philippine leading political weekly magazine.
1971. Man of the Year, voted by the Philippine Free Press, citing him for the leadership he showed when his party’s leadership was bombed in Plaza Miranda, the Philippines’ equivalent to Hyde Park.  He led his party’s campaign “with courage, with distinction” despite threats to arrest him, made by then President Marcos.  He led the Liberal Party to a 6-2 victory in the Philippine Senate elections, which catapulted him to become the No. 1 presidential contender in the 1973 elections.





Martial Law Years. The declaration of martial law on September 21, 1972 ushered in the defining phase in Ninoy’s evolution as a leader. Before then, it was generally assumed that he would ascend to the nation’s highest office as the Liberal Party’s standard bearer in the 1973 presidential elections. Instead, he wound up the most high-profile political prisoner as Ferdinand Marcos suspended the Constitution, abolished Congress, silenced the opposition and the media, and ruled by decree on the pretext that he needed emergency powers to quell a communist insurgency and a Muslim secessionist rebellion.



September 22, 1972. Ninoy was arrested, detained and imprisoned at Fort Bonifacio and in Laur, Nueva Ecija for 7 years and 7 months, mostly in solitary confinement.
April 4, 1975 – May 13, 1975. He went on a protest hunger strike while in prison.



May 8, 1980. Released from Fort Bonifacio to undergo a triple heart bypass at Baylor Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, USA.
May 13, 1980. Operated and successfully given a triple bypass in Dallas, Texas.
1980-1982. Fellow at Harvard University’s Center for International Affairs.
1982-1983. Fellow at Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s Center for International Studies.



August 21, 1983. Assassinated at the airport seconds after disembarking in China Airlines jet from Taipei.



August 31, 1983. Ninoy’s funeral march from Sto. Domingo Church, Quezon City to ManilaMemorial Park, Paranaque, was the “longest funeral march in world’s history.” Around two million people joined the funeral.




The assassination of Benigno Aquino led to the Famous Edsa revolution ousting President Ferdinand Marcos. His wife Cory Aquino was declared President in 1986 making her the first woman to become the president of the Philippines.